Tag: job nature

Job Description and Responsibilities of a Zoologist

Introduction to Zoology as a Career

A famous scientific joke goes, “What do biologists do on Wall Street? They buy and “cell.” Well, in real life, biologists, particularly those concerned with environmental biology or zoology, do a lot of interesting things.

A zoology career can be a very interesting one since it involves discoveries and new things all the time, however, it can be a very challenging one.

Regardless of what specialized job description one might choose within zoology, such as a zoo keeper job description, a zoo curator job description, or even a botanist job description, the zoologist career requires the core attribute of a love for animals and the environment. Let’s explore the individual specializations that one can enjoy through a zoology education.

Duties and Responsibilities of a Zoologist


  • Specialty in the study of the science of animals.
  • Studying and analyzing behavior, nature and feeding habits of different animals.
  • Writing books on different types of animals
  • Researching and teaching animal behavior in colleges and universities.
  • Specializing in the study of a particular group of animal depending on their choice.
  • Working in laboratories in order to study the cell, its structural components of different animals.
  • Wildlife management.
  • Conservation of the endangered animals.
  • Working in close collaboration with other professionals, associated with other fields of life sciences like biologists, physiologists etc.


Salary and Benefits of Zoologists

Salary and benefits incurred by zoologists depend on the type of educational qualifications of the candidates and the number of years of experience they have. The location of the job can also be a decisive factor in the zoologist salary range.

As in most of the other fields, the salary for the master’s and doctorate degree holders is more that that earned by bachelor’s degree holders. Professionals working in the research and development department can earn handsome salaries in this field. In the initial stages of the career, one can earn about USD 30,000 per year.

After five to seven years of work experience, this number can surpass the USD 50,000 per year mark. After gaining more than ten years experience in the industry, you can earn more than USD 75,000 per year.

Diversification Within Zoology Field

Hence, with so many job descriptions within the broader zoologist job description, the zoologist salary can be quite a lucrative one in the longer run. Not only is it a good way to advance your own career, but it’s also a great way to make this world a better place for everyone.

Zoo Keeper or Curator

Nature of Work and Job Responsibilities

Typically, a zoo curator provides for the day-to-day management of the animal collection and the operation of physical plant collections of a zoological park.

In addition to contributing to the overall development of the park, he also communicates with other zoos, conservation organizations and government agencies, local and federal.

Skills and Knowledge Required for a Zoo Curator or Keeper

In terms of skills and knowledge, a zoo curator needs to possess strong people-management skills, since he often interacts with large numbers of people. Furthermore, because large collections of animals are under supervision of the zoo curator, the incumbent must be able to make use of modern applications such as the Animal Record Keeping System (ARKS) in addition to word-processing and email.

Finally, part of the core duties of a zoo curator is the ability to make decision concerning animal husbandry standards and coordinate veterinary activities.

Wildlife Biologist

Nature of Work and Job Responsibilities of a Wildlife Biologist

According to the U.S. Geological Survey, a wildlife biologist is a scientist who studies wild animals and their habitats. The wildlife biologist job description entails researching, reviewing data and studying samples in laboratories.

Wildlife biologists also work in the field, observing animals in their natural environments. Tools used by zoologists in this field include items of concern to biology, chemistry, animal physiology and ecology.

Career Opportunities for Wildlife Biologists

Typically, wildlife biologists are employed by organizations such as the US Geological Survey or USDA Forest Service, and according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook, 19,500 zoologists and wildlife biologists were employed in the United States in 2008.

That number is projected to increase to 22,000 by 2018. For those with research-oriented personalities, this is a great zoologist job description.

Environmental Consultant

Nature of Work and Job Responsibilities of an Environmental Consultant

In the broader zoologist job description portfolio, the environmental consultant job is somewhat mainstream in orientation.  An environmental consultant works on commercial or government contracts to address a variety of environmental issues.

This entails a wide dimension of activities such as assessment of air, land and water contamination, environmental impact assessment, environmental audit, waste management and the development of environmental policy and environmental management systems.

Educational Requirements

Even if it seems that this might not be something of a typical zoologist job description, it does have typical zoologist education requirements, particularly the disciplines that teach you to learn more about the environment and its functions.

Marine/Aquatic Biologist

Nature of Work and Job Responsibilities of Marine/Aquatic Biologist

Marine science is a vast field, which includes marine biology, geology, coastal science, zoology and oceanography. Marine biology is the study of living organisms inhabiting the, oceans as well as other sources of water.

Traditionally, the marine biologist job description entails research of the sea, its life forms and their interaction with land, atmosphere and the ocean floor. It includes researching and analyzing some of the diverse, and interesting, aspects of ocean life, such as marine plant and animal life, ocean currents and its effect on life forms, rescue and rehabilitation of marine animals as well as preservation of the marine environment etc.

Such data is then handed over to the regulating bodies to take required measures to preserve marine environment. A marine biologist can indulge in various activities ranging from office or laboratory work to field based assignments.


Job Nature of an Ornithologist

The ornithologist job description is concerned primarily with birds and their ecosystems. Ornithologists work in a variety of roles involving study of the behavior, ecology, classification, physiology and conservation of birds, and are employed by organizations such as wildlife trusts, private organizations, regional park authorities, nature reserves etc.

Career Opportunities for Ornithologists

Ornithologists are employed by a variety of organizations, including wildlife trusts, private organizations, regional park authorities, nature reserves, ringing stations or observatories. Usually, they spend their time outdoors.


Job Nature of an Ecologist

The ecologist job description entails studying ecosystems e.g. the abundance and distribution of organisms (people, plants, animals) and the relationships between organisms and their environment. Ecologists usually choose a specialist area (e.g. freshwater, marine, terrestrial, fauna, flora) and then carry out a wide range of tasks relating to that area.

Work Responsibilities of Ecologists

Their work includes duties such as conducting field surveys to collect information about the numbers and distribution of organisms, carrying out environmental impact assessments, habitat management etc.

Job Description and Responsibilties of an Office Manager

Role, Responsibilities and Job Nature of an Office Manager

office manager job responsibilities Job Description and Responsibilties of an Office Manager

33rd American President Harry Truman once poked a lighter vein and said “I sit here all day trying to persuade people to do the things, they ought to have sense enough to do, without my persuading them.” Well, it seems as if Harry was really being the office manager around the White House. Of course, an office manager job description at another organization might not be as challenging as President Truman’s.

From the external outlook, the office manager job description overlaps with that of an administrative assistant job description, bookkeeper job description, or even a receptionist job description. However, even if it the office manager responsibilities might be considered general in nature, there are some office manager duties that set it apart from the likes of a secretary job description or a business manager job description. Let’s explore the office manager job description.

Definition of an Office Manager

An office manager can be defined as,

A resource responsible for the organization and coordination of office operations, procedures and resources to facilitate organizational effectiveness and efficiency.

Salary Range of an Officer Manager

Salary range of an office manager varies greatly because it largely depends on the type and size of the company and might or might not include bonus, profit sharing commission and benefits. However average salary is estimated to be $50,000.

Skill-Set Required for an Office Manager Job


The modern-day office manager firstly needs to possess the knowledge of office administration. This is somewhat like the general manager job description, who knows how to administer an organization effectively. Secondly, the resource must be skilled in human resource management and supervision. Usually because not just him, but also his team, has to coordinate between different departments, and that effort needs to be smooth and streamlined.

Skills & Expertise Required for Office Managers

Interpersonal and Communication Skills

A good office manager job description entails excellent interpersonal skills. The office manager, in essence, is the glue that sticks different parts of the business together. Hence, team-building skills need to be at hand all the time. Some aspects are like that of an operations manager job description, as the incumbent has to have analytical and problem-solving skills.

Problem identification and Solution Oriented Approach

Often business processes get stuck and usually the first person on the scene is the office manager. Hence, to be able to identify the problem and solve it before it effects organizational productivity is key to the office manager job description.

Written and Verbal Skill Set

Further, a good office manager is expected to possess first-rate written and verbal communication skills, and obviously listening skills are part of this genre. Employees usually envision the office manager as the go-to man, and hence, his listening skills and attentiveness need to be such that the employee feels comforted, as if the problem has been taken care of. Also, general management skills such as time-management, leadership, conflict-resolution are all part of the job.

Tasks, Duties and Responsibilities of an Office Manager

Supervisory & Core Functions

Firstly, the office manager job description entails designing and implementing office policies, as well as establishing office equipment standards and procedures. Making sure that all the equipment requirements are met, and if a department has requested something they get it, are usually tasks that fall in the office manager’s bucket. Because correspondence is involved in the job, an office manager needs to be able to make use of applications such as email, word processing, spreadsheets, databases and make presentations.

Procurement Role

Usually because the office manager is responsible for procurement and petty cash items such as tea, coffee etc., he needs to be able to do basic accounting such as accounts payable and receivable, and keep track of memos, invoices etc.

Dealership Duties

The procurement role often entails keeping up-to-date on market prices and negotiating with suppliers for better deals. Finally, part of the core supervisory functions includes records management and maintaining filing systems.

Human-Resource Functions

Another major chunk of the office manager duties is recruiting, training and monitoring office staff. In doing so, he needs to demarcate office staff responsibilities and assign clerical and secretarial functions.

As the leader of the office management staff, he needs to constantly train his resources on playing greater roles for the overall betterment of the organization, whether that means doing their individual duties effectively or keeping other departments happy. Finally, human-resource management for the role also includes monitoring staff performance and implementing appraisals based on the performance-review system.

Required Education and Qualifications for an Office Manager

Typically, a four-year degree in business administration is the basic building-block of the office manager resume. The incumbent needs to possess handy knowledge of accounting systems and procedures, clerical practices and procedures, human-resource management and technical know-how of computer applications.

Sometimes, in rare cases, individuals with a high-school diploma and 5-6 years of relative experience are also selected for the job. But in those scenarios where a degree is not present, the interview must be very very convincing to get the job and land a good office manager salary.