Author: <span class="vcard">admin</span>

A Comprehensive Guide to Distance Learning Phd Programs

Looking Into the Prospect of Acquiring a PhD Degree…

Times are competitive and it’s important to outperform others in the job market. However, not a lot of people end up doing something beyond a Master’s degree, mostly because of time constraints.

That problem stands solved through the distance learning PhD option. Whether it’s a distance learning PhD in USA, or any accredited distance learning PhD program anywhere in the world, the decision must be very calculated. To find synergy with the right distance learning PhD program is key to success. There are a couple of leading distance learning PhD university programs with multiple education options.

University of Phoenix

In 1976, John Sperling founded the University of Phoenix so working professionals could go to college and earn their degree. What began in Phoenix, Arizona, grew to become the largest private university in North America, with more than 200 locations.

Doctor of Business Administration

The Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) offered by University of Phoenix provides learners who hold a professional master’s degree a means of exploring their personal readiness to become leaders in management professions. Learners gain a mastery of business administration literature and demonstrate their competence by applying this knowledge to current business environments.

Doctor of Philosophy in Industrial Psychology

The PhD I/O program prepares learners for academic inquiry into organizations and human behavior in operational environments, with foundational course work in the history and functions of I/O psychology as well as a rigorous research curriculum. Learners are prepared to utilize data-driven inquiry and responses to develop cultures of efficiency and high performance and enrich the workplace lives of employees.

Doctor of Health Administration

The Doctor of Health Administration (DHA) program prepares students to respond effectively to the dynamic and ever-changing health care industry. These individuals will have a capacity to critically examine and evaluate issues and trends and feel empowered to influence the destiny of the health care system.

Walden University

One of the genuinely accredited online PhD universities, Walden is distinguished by high academic standards, experienced faculty, and a rigorous curriculum.

Doctor of Business Administration – Social Impact Management

Walden’s DBA in Social Impact Management is designed for experienced business professionals who want to translate their expertise into leadership positions as consultants or executives. The Social Management specialization is an innovative edge in the job-market, allowing one to examine corporate responsibility issues, such as how to achieve greater transparency while protecting proprietary information, leverage social involvement in branding, improve operational efficiency through environmental initiatives etc.

PhD Public Policy –  Criminal Justice

This degree is designed for criminal justice professionals, including supervisors and managers in policing, courts, corrections, security, and associated support agencies, who aspire to move into upper-level management and administrative assignments. The coursework includes an in-depth review and discussion of contemporary decision-making models and issues that confront the federal criminal justice system.

Keiser University

Keiser University is regionally accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools) as a Level 5 institution eligible to award associate’s, bachelor’s, master’s, and doctorate degrees.

Doctor of Philosophy in Educational Leadership

Keiser University’s Doctor of Philosophy in Educational Leadership degree prepares reflective scholars and capable professionals who apply theory, method, and research to dynamically improve educational institutes under their leadership. The program fosters lifelong learning and values leadership, ethical and informed decision-making, diversity, assessment, program evaluation, effective communication, and technology. This is one of the best online PhD programs.

North Central University

Accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, NCU offers 100% distance learning degree programs for adult learners to obtain a college education online, mostly in Psychology and Business disciplines.

DBA- Public Administration

The DBA in Public Administration program serves as preparation for advanced positions of leadership in business, government, philanthropy, and policy and advocacy organizations. For practicing public administrators as well as those seeking entry into public administration, this specialization focuses on acquiring the administrative knowledge and skills in such diverse areas as budgeting, government relations, personnel policies, politics, and urban planning. Graduates possessing the wide range of skills in public administration are hired in government management at the local, state and federal levels.

Nova Southeastern University

Nova Southeastern University is the 10th largest independent university in the US, and a pioneer of non-traditional approaches to high-quality education. NSU has been included on Princeton Review’s list of The Best Distance Learning Graduate Schools.

PhD in Computer Science

This program offers a course of study leading to the degree of doctor of philosophy (Ph.D.) in Computer Science from Nova Southeastern University’s Graduate School of Computer and Information Sciences. It is offered in a hybrid format, which combines traditional and online instruction to give professionals the opportunity to pursue graduate study while continuing to work in their current positions. The program is especially well suited to those in industry, education, or government who are involved with one of the many areas of computer science.

University of Liverpool – UK

Founded in 1881, the University of Liverpool is a hallmark of quality – internationally recognized for its long-standing tradition of excellence in teaching, research and innovation. The University of Liverpool is accredited as an educational institution by Royal Charter.

Doctorate of Education – Higher Education

The Ed.D program adopts an integrated holistic approach to learning, and focuses on the latest practice, research within Higher Education environments. The program places great emphasis on the deep understanding of universities, operating in a global context, as places of learning and as institutions. The focus is on the use of professional knowledge, academic and policy literature, and published and personal research to promote the leader at the heart of institutional development.

Child and Developmental Psychology: Key Theories and Leading Child Psychologists

The human-being is such a diverse creation of nature that he passes through multiple phases, and each phase has its own set of changes and challenges. The phase of child development has intrigued psychologists all over the world for centuries now.

Whether that’s child behavior psychology or the child thought-process in general, psychologists have debated about the science for long now, whether that’s mental, emotional, social or other aspects of child psychology.

Key Personalities & Critical Theories in the field of Child Psychology

The following are thought-leaders in the field of child psychology, whose notions have shaped the future of the science as we find it today. Any child psychology curriculum is considered empty in the world, without a study of these child psychologists and their theories.

John Bowlby & Attachment Theory

John Bowlby (1907-1990) was a British psychologist, psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, who developed a theory to describe the dynamics of long-term relationships between humans.

The Attachment Theory, as it was named, integrated the fields of psychological, evolutionary, and ethological theory, to articulate the notion that each child needs at least one primary caregiver to develop a bond with, that will result in the normal procession of social and emotional development.

Jerome Kagan & Developmental Psychology

Kagan is one of the pioneers of the core fields of developmental psychology. He earned a B.S. Degree from Rutgers University in 1950, Master’s from Harvard and his Ph.D. from Yale University in 1954. After completing his Ph.D., Kagan spent a year as an instructor in Psychology at Ohio State University.

His research focused on personality traits beginning with infancy and continuing through adulthood.  He was one of the first few to point out possible biological influence on child psychology.

Lawrence Kohlberg & the Stages of Moral Development

Larry Kohlberg (1927-1987) was an American psychologist born in Bronxville, New York, who served as a professor at the University of Chicago and Harvard. Having specialized in research on moral education and reasoning, he is best known for his theory of stages of moral development.

The stages were divided into 3, with the order being Pre-Conventional, Conventional, and Post-Conventional. The first stage covered areas such as obedience and self-interest, the second covering interpersonal and authority, and the last one covering topics such as universal principles.

Erik Erikson & The Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development

Erik Erikson (1902-1994) was a Danish-German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst. After his graduation from the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute in 1933, he emigrated with his wife, first to Denmark and then to the United States, to escape a Nazi invasion.

He became the first child psychoanalyst in Boston & held positions at Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard’s Medical School and Psychological Clinic. His theory implied that the ideal human development process encompasses eight stages that dictate overall child development, with factors such as trust, will, shame, sense of purpose etc. coming into perspective.

Jean Piaget & the Theory of Cognitive Development

Jean Piaget  (1896-1980) was a Swiss developmental psychologist who also served as the Director of the International Bureau of Education. His studies on children revolved around epistemology, which focuses on the dynamics of knowledge, its scope and limitations.

His most famous work is the Theory of Cognitive Development, which placed knowledge as the core child development, how it is acquired, used, implemented etc. And the process he used to explain it was spread over five core stages, from Assimilation & Accommodation to Former Operational.

Lev Vygotsky & Social Constructivism

Vygotsky (1896-1934) was a Russian psychologist who is considered to be the father of Social Constructivism. Born in Belarus, he was raised in the city of Gomel and attended the Moscow State University, later transferring to the Shaniavsky People’s University.

His studies implied that human social groups construct knowledge for one another, collaboratively creating a small culture of shared artifacts with shared meanings, and then everyone derives from these socially-acceptable meanings.

Judith Rich Harris & The Modular Theory of Social Development

Judy Harris (born 1938), is an American titan of psychology, who graduated from esteemed schools such as Brandeis University and Harvard. Her most active research years were from 1977-1985, during which time she received the honorable  American Psychological Association’s George A. Miller Award for an Outstanding Recent Article in General Psychology.

Her theory focused on studying children as a peer group, rather than from the family perspective, and stated that the eventual adult personality of a human is dependent on how they were raised as a child by their parents. Her famous book, No Two Alike: Human Nature & Human Individuality is famous proponent of this.

Job Description and Responsibilties of an Office Manager

Role, Responsibilities and Job Nature of an Office Manager

office manager job responsibilities Job Description and Responsibilties of an Office Manager

33rd American President Harry Truman once poked a lighter vein and said “I sit here all day trying to persuade people to do the things, they ought to have sense enough to do, without my persuading them.” Well, it seems as if Harry was really being the office manager around the White House. Of course, an office manager job description at another organization might not be as challenging as President Truman’s.

From the external outlook, the office manager job description overlaps with that of an administrative assistant job description, bookkeeper job description, or even a receptionist job description. However, even if it the office manager responsibilities might be considered general in nature, there are some office manager duties that set it apart from the likes of a secretary job description or a business manager job description. Let’s explore the office manager job description.

Definition of an Office Manager

An office manager can be defined as,

A resource responsible for the organization and coordination of office operations, procedures and resources to facilitate organizational effectiveness and efficiency.

Salary Range of an Officer Manager

Salary range of an office manager varies greatly because it largely depends on the type and size of the company and might or might not include bonus, profit sharing commission and benefits. However average salary is estimated to be $50,000.

Skill-Set Required for an Office Manager Job


The modern-day office manager firstly needs to possess the knowledge of office administration. This is somewhat like the general manager job description, who knows how to administer an organization effectively. Secondly, the resource must be skilled in human resource management and supervision. Usually because not just him, but also his team, has to coordinate between different departments, and that effort needs to be smooth and streamlined.

Skills & Expertise Required for Office Managers

Interpersonal and Communication Skills

A good office manager job description entails excellent interpersonal skills. The office manager, in essence, is the glue that sticks different parts of the business together. Hence, team-building skills need to be at hand all the time. Some aspects are like that of an operations manager job description, as the incumbent has to have analytical and problem-solving skills.

Problem identification and Solution Oriented Approach

Often business processes get stuck and usually the first person on the scene is the office manager. Hence, to be able to identify the problem and solve it before it effects organizational productivity is key to the office manager job description.

Written and Verbal Skill Set

Further, a good office manager is expected to possess first-rate written and verbal communication skills, and obviously listening skills are part of this genre. Employees usually envision the office manager as the go-to man, and hence, his listening skills and attentiveness need to be such that the employee feels comforted, as if the problem has been taken care of. Also, general management skills such as time-management, leadership, conflict-resolution are all part of the job.

Tasks, Duties and Responsibilities of an Office Manager

Supervisory & Core Functions

Firstly, the office manager job description entails designing and implementing office policies, as well as establishing office equipment standards and procedures. Making sure that all the equipment requirements are met, and if a department has requested something they get it, are usually tasks that fall in the office manager’s bucket. Because correspondence is involved in the job, an office manager needs to be able to make use of applications such as email, word processing, spreadsheets, databases and make presentations.

Procurement Role

Usually because the office manager is responsible for procurement and petty cash items such as tea, coffee etc., he needs to be able to do basic accounting such as accounts payable and receivable, and keep track of memos, invoices etc.

Dealership Duties

The procurement role often entails keeping up-to-date on market prices and negotiating with suppliers for better deals. Finally, part of the core supervisory functions includes records management and maintaining filing systems.

Human-Resource Functions

Another major chunk of the office manager duties is recruiting, training and monitoring office staff. In doing so, he needs to demarcate office staff responsibilities and assign clerical and secretarial functions.

As the leader of the office management staff, he needs to constantly train his resources on playing greater roles for the overall betterment of the organization, whether that means doing their individual duties effectively or keeping other departments happy. Finally, human-resource management for the role also includes monitoring staff performance and implementing appraisals based on the performance-review system.

Required Education and Qualifications for an Office Manager

Typically, a four-year degree in business administration is the basic building-block of the office manager resume. The incumbent needs to possess handy knowledge of accounting systems and procedures, clerical practices and procedures, human-resource management and technical know-how of computer applications.

Sometimes, in rare cases, individuals with a high-school diploma and 5-6 years of relative experience are also selected for the job. But in those scenarios where a degree is not present, the interview must be very very convincing to get the job and land a good office manager salary.

Forensic Psychology: History, Career Prospects Information

Due to the multi-dimensional nature of today’s world, everything has become intertwined, even professions. From that aspect, even the legal profession relies on multiple branches to deliver on concrete decisions.

One of these critical branches is forensic psychology. As the field of forensic psychology has developed over time, everything from forensic psychology information to forensic psychology schools have silhouetted themselves out from the trend. Let’s explore the field of forensic psychology.

Forensic Psychology Definition

The word “forensic” comes from the Latin word “forensis,” meaning “of the forum,” where the law courts of ancient Rome were held. According to the American Board of Forensic Psychology, “forensic psycjobhology is the application of the science and profession of psychology to questions and issues relating to law and the legal system.”

History of Forensic Psychology

Basis for Forensic Research in the Legal Profession

J. McKeen Cattell conducted some of the earliest research on the psychology of testimony in 1895 at Columbia University. He posed a series of questions to students, asking them to provide a response and rate their degree of confidence in their answer. Cattell’s results indicated a surprising degree of inaccuracy, which generated interest among other psychologists who went on to conduct experiments on eyewitness testimony.

Evolution of the Profession

Inspired by Cattell’s work, Alfred Binet replicated Cattell’s research and studied the results of other psychology experiments that applied to law and criminal justice. His work in intelligence testing was also important to the development of forensic psychology, as many future assessment tools were based on his work.

What do Forensic Psychologists do?

Forensic psychology professionals conduct a wide range of tasks, depending on the type of courts they are assigned to. The following are some

Family Court

  • Child Custody Evaluations
  • Visitation Risk Assessments
  • Grandparent Visitation Evaluations
  • Mediation of Parental Conflicts about Children
  • Child Abuse Evaluations
  • Adoption Readiness Evaluations
  • Development of Family Reunification Plans
  • Evaluations to Assess Termination of Parental Rights

Psychotherapy Roles

  • Parent-child family counseling
  • Therapeutic supervised visitation
  • Parenting skills training
  • Anger management
  • Divorce adjustment counseling for children and adults
  • Parental communication skills training

Civil Court

  • Personal Injury Evaluations
  • IME Second Opinion Evaluations
  • Assessment of Emotional Factors in Sexual Harassment and Discrimination
  • Worker’s Compensation Evaluations
  • Civil Competency Evaluations
  • Psychological Autopsies

In civil court cases, forensic psychologists also provide psychotherapy and counseling to individuals for the following problems:

  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Phobias Related to Traumatic Events
  • Psychological Factors in Chronic Pain
  • Adjustment Counseling following trauma
  • Couple Counseling regarding the impact of the trauma on the relationship
  • Desensitization

Criminal Court

  • Evaluations of Juveniles accused of criminal acts
  • Juvenile Pre-sentencing Evaluations
  • Juvenile Probation Evaluations
  • Juvenile Waiver Evaluations
  • Evaluating the Credibility of Child Witnesses
  • Assessment of Juvenile and Adult Sexual Offenders
  • Competency and Diminished Capacity Evaluations
  • Adult Pre-sentencing Evaluations

Forensic psychologists also provide counseling and psychotherapy services to individuals involved with the criminal court, in cases such as

  • Counseling of individuals who violate restraining orders
  • Counseling juveniles on probation
  • Supportive counseling for the victims of crimes
  • Counseling of individuals awaiting trial
  • Counseling adults on probation
  • Anger management skills training for violent offenders
  • Counseling and psychotherapy for sexual offenders

Careers in Forensic Psychology

The following are some job descriptions in forensic psychology, that are commonly found across the profession. They provide critical insight into the type of work that lies ahead after a forensic psychology degree

Forensic Psychiatrists in Corporations

  • Determine the mental fitness of an individual to participate in the program for new applicants
  • Provide psychiatric consultation regarding employees mental fitness to senior staff
  • Provide program consultation for high-risk individuals and situations, including risk management planning with senior staff
  • Support training exercises and policy development for Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM) and next-of-kin notification in case of line-of-duty deaths

Victim Advocates

  • Provide crisis intervention services for non-offending parents of alleged child victims of sexual/physical abuse prior to forensic interviews
  • Conduct brief needs assessment by interviewing non-offending parents of all child victims and providing referrals to necessary services
  • Provide education regarding legal process, answer questions and provide advocacy for parents
  • Manage the Case Review process by consulting regularly with parents and multidisciplinary team of child protection, law enforcement, family court and prosecuting attorney’s offices professionals to ensure follow-up on cases

Forensic Psychology Salaries

Salaries within forensic psychology can range greatly depending on the sector of employment, although most entry-level positions for those with a doctorate degree start out between $35,000 and $40,000 annually. Those in private practice who offer consulting services typically earn more.